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Journal of Environment and Health Science (ISSN : 2413-1628)

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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-10 15:46:30 | 显示全部楼层
微观粒子运动力学和相互作用力总结:1. 带电质子(或电子)束碰撞中性的原子,在电磁感应定律可以忽略不计的条件下, 一束带电质子流的运动力学从概率统计上的规律是只符合流体力学原理(比如压强),不符合固体碰撞机械能规律(比如没有动量守恒定理之类)。从一束带电质子流来分析,当其产生的压强足够大,可以使得中性原子破裂,撞击原子内部的质子或中子,从而产生核裂解。其中的原因是中性的原子内部能量场不仅对前来撞击的带电粒子形成屏蔽作用,而且其原子物质集合体还受到第四维度空间的暗物质的作用,当一束带电质子流一旦接近暗物质的集合体,则产生一种非直线型抵抗缓冲力。以上两种作用使带电粒子从原子物质的侧边擦过,从而只有流体力学的原理;

2.从力学角度分析,两个粒子之间碰撞,只有在两个粒子都赋予同性质力的条件下,才能适用于动量定理。 带电质子(或电子)束碰撞中性的原子,前者为库仑力,后者为动能(不应分割中性原子中的带电粒子做受力分析,这不科学),两者力的性质不同,不适用于动量定理计算式;

3.暗物质为第四维度空间中,聚合原子、分子等三维空间微观粒子的能量粘合剂,使得这类粒子像串项链一样生成集合体,从而产生了一种扭力,称为时空扭力,在力学上符合材料的扭矩定理。万有引力、范德华力、原子间作用力都符合时空扭力的性质。稳定型的暗物质微观粒子集合体相对于外来作用破坏力产生非直线型缓冲对抗力,这就是扭矩定理的产生原理。暗物质的粘合力符合流体力学的定理;

4.原子间作用力,除了共价键力是对称时空之间的库仑力性质,其余的都可以归为上述力学。共价键力是两个对称三维空间之间的库仑力作用。其中一个三维空间的质子带正电荷、电子带负电荷;则与它对应的对称三维空间中的质子带负电荷、电子带正电荷,即为反物质。比如两个共价键配对的原子。原子1中有电子1和质子1;原子2中有电子2和质子2。 其中负电荷电子1在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中对应的正电荷电子牵引,并在自身三维时空中形成共价键的原子2中的其中一个正电荷质子2可以配对牵引,而这个正电荷质子2又可与自身原子中的另一个对应负电荷电子2牵引,最后这个负电荷电子2又在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中正电荷电子牵引配对。这个串联关系同样作用于电子2-质子1-电子1. 这就像多个串联电池一样正负极、正负极。。。循环连接;

5. 微观粒子的最基本分割单位应以库仑力的基本单位作为基准而划分,仅为质子、电子、中子三类。基本微观粒子在第四维度轴上做随机型几何波动,因此其质量在三维空间不是恒定的,即基本粒子在三维空间的质量M为时间变量T与自然常数e的复合三角函数。使用大型粒子对撞机技术对基本粒子进行分割之后的更为细小的微观粒子为基本微观粒子在某一特定时间点出现在三维空间的质量,因此其实验结果中的质量与电荷量等物理参数仅仅是在统计学上服从概率分布,是一种变量(与恒定的常量或是无规律的变量相区别),从而反映出了基本微观粒子在第四维度轴的运动规律,所以该类研究方法与技术应侧重于基本微观粒子在四维度轴上运动规律的探究更为具备现实的意义,比如新材料的基础型研究。

以上学术观点已经于2018年5月在本论坛中发表,现修订正式发表于期刊中。To be translated in English...
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-11 10:56:36 | 显示全部楼层
1.带电微观粒子束(其中包括质子或电子束---在大型粒子对撞机中经过电子加速器程序之后的带电微观粒子可以接近或近似认为达到了原子裂解状态)碰撞中性的原子物质,在电磁感应定律可以忽略不计的条件下, 一束带电微观粒子流的运动力学从概率统计上的规律是只符合流体力学原理(比如压强),不符合固体碰撞机械能规律(比如没有动量守恒定理之类)。从一束带电微观粒子流来分析,当其产生的压强足够大,可以使得被碰撞的中性原子破裂,撞击原子内部的质子或中子,从而产生核裂解。其中的原因是中性的原子内部能量场不仅对前来撞击的带电粒子形成屏蔽作用,而且被碰撞的原子物质集合体还受到第四维度空间的暗物质的作用,当一束带电微观粒子流一旦接近暗物质的集合体,暗物质则产生一种非直线型抵抗缓冲力。以上两种作用使带电粒子从原子物质的侧边擦过,从而只有流体力学的原理;

1. When the charged micro-particles beams (including proton or electron beams --- it is assumed that the atoms after the electronic acceleration process is closed to the karyorrhexis condition in particle collider facility) collides with the materials of neutral atoms, under the condition that the law of electromagnetic induction can be ignored, the kinetic mechanics of a beam of charged micro-particles only conforms to the principle of fluid mechanics (such as pressure calculations), and is not applicable on the mechanical energy law of solid collision (such as conservation of momentum).When the pressures produced by the beams of charged particles is enough, it is able to collide the nucleus of atoms, achieving the karyorrhexis of nucleus atoms. There are two reasons: the neutral magnetic field in atoms shields the approaching charged micro-particles; the dark matter underlay in the fourth dimension space of the atoms materials being collided also affects the motion of a beam of charged micro-particles.Once a charged micro-particles stream approaches the aggregation of dark matter, dark matter produce a non-linear resistance buffer force. These two forces leads the charged micro-particles pass the side of atoms materials, so that only the principle of fluid mechanics is applicable.
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-11 15:45:14 | 显示全部楼层
1.        带电微观粒子束(其中包括质子或电子束---在大型粒子对撞机中经过电子加速器程序之后的带电微观粒子可以接近或近似认为达到了原子裂解状态)碰撞中性的原子物质,在电磁感应定律可以忽略不计的条件下, 一束带电微观粒子流的运动力学从概率统计上的规律是只符合流体力学原理(比如压强),不符合固体碰撞机械能规律(比如没有动量守恒定理之类)。从一束带电微观粒子流来分析,当其产生的压强足够大,可以使得被碰撞的中性原子破裂,撞击原子内部的质子或中子,从而产生核裂解。其中的原因是中性的原子内部能量场不仅对前来撞击的带电粒子形成屏蔽作用,而且被碰撞的原子物质集合体还受到第四维度空间的暗物质的作用,当一束带电微观粒子流一旦接近暗物质的集合体,暗物质则产生一种非直线型抵抗缓冲力。以上两种作用使带电粒子从原子物质的侧边擦过,从而只有流体力学的原理;
2.        从力学角度分析,两个粒子之间碰撞,只有在两个粒子都赋予同性质力的条件下,才能适用于动量定理。 带电质子(或电子)束碰撞中性的原子,前者为库仑力,后者为机械力(不应分割中性原子中的原子核与电子做受力分析,这不科学),两者力的性质不同,不适用于动量定理计算式。因此动量定理和机械能守恒定理仅仅适用于宏观物理物体,并且是近似计算, 并不适用于微观物理模拟条件。

1.        When the charged micro-particles beams (including proton or electron beams --- it is assumed that the atoms after the electronic acceleration process is closed to the karyorrhexis condition in particle collider facility) collides with the materials of neutral atoms, under the condition that the law of electromagnetic induction can be ignored, the kinetic mechanics of a beam of charged micro-particles only conforms to the principle of fluid mechanics (such as pressure calculations), and is not applicable on the mechanical energy law of solid collision (such as conservation of momentum).When the pressures produced by the beams of charged particles is enough, it is able to collide the nucleus of atoms, achieving the karyorrhexis of nucleus atoms. There are two reasons: the neutral magnetic field in atoms shields the approaching charged micro-particles; the dark matter underlay in the fourth dimension space of the atoms materials being collided also affects the motion of a beam of charged micro-particles. Once a charged micro-particles stream approaches the aggregation of dark matter, dark matter produces a non-linear resistance buffer force. These two forces lead the charged micro-particles pass along the sides of atoms materials, so that only the principle of fluid mechanics is applicable.

2.        From the viewpoint of force analysis on micro-particles, the momentum theorem  is applicable between two objects’ collision only if if the two objects are endowed with the forces of the same nature. In this physical case, the charged micro-particles beams are drived by Coulomb force, wherease the atoms substances is given the mechanical force (it is unreasonable to conduct force analysis separately on the necleus or electron within the neutral atom in this physical simulation case). Consequently, the momentum theorem and conservation theorem of mechanical energy is applicable on the macro-physical objects only as approximate calculations, but is not applicable on the micro-physical simulations.  
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-11 16:42:22 | 显示全部楼层
1.        带电微观粒子束(其中包括质子或电子束---在大型粒子对撞机中经过电子加速器程序之后的带电微观粒子可以接近或近似认为达到了原子裂解状态)碰撞中性的原子物质,在电磁感应定律可以忽略不计的条件下, 一束带电微观粒子流的运动力学从概率统计上的规律是只符合流体力学原理(比如压强),不符合固体碰撞机械能规律(比如没有动量守恒定理之类)。从一束带电微观粒子流来分析,当其产生的压强足够大,可以使得被碰撞的中性原子破裂,撞击原子内部的质子或中子,从而产生核裂解。其中的原因是中性的原子内部能量场不仅对前来撞击的带电粒子形成屏蔽作用,而且被碰撞的原子物质集合体还受到第四维度空间的暗物质的作用,当一束带电微观粒子流一旦接近暗物质的集合体,暗物质则产生一种非直线型抵抗缓冲力。以上两种作用使带电粒子从原子物质的侧边擦过,从而只有流体力学的原理;
2.        从力学角度分析,两个物体之间碰撞,只有在两个物体都赋予同性质力的条件下,才能适用于动量定理。 带电质子(或电子)束碰撞中性的原子,前者为库仑力,后者为机械力(不应分割中性原子中的原子核与电子做受力分析,这不科学),两者力的性质不同,不适用于动量定理计算式。此外,微观原子或是分子之间由于暗物质作用而产生的一种非直线性缓冲相互作用力,使得动量定理和机械能守恒定理物理模拟情景中所要求的物理条件变得不再适用。因此动量定理和机械能守恒定理仅仅适用于宏观物理物体,并且是一种近似计算, 并不适用于微观物理模拟条件。

1. When the charged micro-particles beams (including proton or electron beams --- it is assumed that the atoms after the electronic acceleration process is closed to the karyorrhexis condition in particle collider facility) collides with the materials of neutral atoms, under the condition that the law of electromagnetic induction can be ignored, the kinetic mechanics of a beam of charged micro-particles only conforms to the principle of fluid mechanics (such as pressure calculations), and is not applicable on the mechanical energy law of solid collision (such as conservation of momentum).When the pressures produced by the beams of charged particles is enough, it is able to collide the nucleus of atoms, achieving the karyorrhexis of nucleus atoms. There are two reasons: the neutral magnetic field in atoms shields the approaching charged micro-particles; the dark matter underlay in the fourth dimension space of the atoms materials being collided also affects the motion of a beam of charged micro-particles. Once a charged micro-particles stream approaches the aggregation of dark matter, dark matter produces a non-linear resistance buffer force. These two forces lead the charged micro-particles pass along the sides of atoms materials, so that only the principle of fluid mechanics is applicable.

2. From the viewpoint of force analysis on micro-particles, the momentum theorem  is applicable between two objects’ collision only if the two objects are endowed with the forces of the same nature. In this physical case, the charged micro-particles beams are drived by Coulomb force, wherease the atoms substances is given the mechanical force (it is unreasonable to conduct force analysis separately on the necleus or electron within the neutral atom in this physical simulation case). Additionally, the dark matter produces non-linear buffer mutual forces among micro-objects including atoms or molecules, which leads the conditions in the physical simulation of momentum theorem and conservation theorem of mechanical energy to be not applicable again. Consequently, the momentum theorem and conservation theorem of mechanical energy is applicable on the macro-physical objects only as approximate calculations, but is not applicable on the micro-physical simulations.  
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-11 17:13:15 | 显示全部楼层
1.        带电微观粒子束(其中包括质子或电子束---在大型粒子对撞机中经过电子加速器程序之后的带电微观粒子可以接近或近似认为达到了原子裂解状态)碰撞中性的原子物质,在电磁感应定律可以忽略不计的条件下, 一束带电微观粒子流的运动力学从概率统计上的规律是只符合流体力学原理(比如压强),不符合固体碰撞机械能规律(比如没有动量守恒定理之类)。从一束带电微观粒子流来分析,当其产生的压强足够大,可以使得被碰撞的中性原子破裂,撞击原子内部的质子或中子,从而产生核裂解。其中的原因是中性的原子内部能量场不仅对前来撞击的带电粒子形成屏蔽作用,而且被碰撞的原子物质集合体还受到第四维度空间的暗物质的作用,当一束带电微观粒子流一旦接近暗物质的集合体,暗物质则产生一种非直线型抵抗缓冲力。以上两种作用使带电粒子从原子物质的侧边擦过,从而只有流体力学的原理;
2.        从力学角度分析,两个物体之间碰撞,只有在两个物体都赋予同性质力的条件下,才能适用于动量定理。 带电质子(或电子)束碰撞中性的原子,前者为库仑力,后者为机械力(不应分割中性原子中的原子核与电子做受力分析,这不科学),两者力的性质不同,不适用于动量定理计算式。此外,微观原子或是分子之间由于暗物质作用而产生的一种非直线性缓冲相互作用力,使得动量定理和机械能守恒定理模拟所要求的物理条件变得不再适用。因此动量定理和机械能守恒定理仅仅适用于宏观物理固体物体,并且是一种近似计算, 并不适用于微观物理粒子运动模拟条件。

1. When the charged micro-particles beams (including proton or electron beams --- it is assumed that the atoms after the electronic acceleration process is closed to the karyorrhexis condition in particle collider facility) collides with the materials of neutral atoms, under the condition that the law of electromagnetic induction can be ignored, the kinetic mechanics of a beam of charged micro-particles only conforms to the principle of fluid mechanics (such as pressure calculations), and is not applicable on the mechanical energy law of solid collision (such as conservation of momentum).When the pressures produced by the beams of charged particles is enough, it is able to collide the nucleus of atoms, achieving the karyorrhexis of nucleus atoms. There are two reasons: the neutral magnetic field in atoms shields the approaching charged micro-particles; the dark matter underlay in the fourth dimension space of the atoms materials being collided also affects the motion of a beam of charged micro-particles. Once a charged micro-particles stream approaches the aggregation of dark matter, dark matter produces a non-linear resistance buffer force. These two forces lead the charged micro-particles pass along the sides of atoms materials, so that only the principle of fluid mechanics is applicable.

2. From the viewpoint of force analysis on micro-particles, the momentum theorem  is applicable between two objects’ collision only if the two objects are endowed with the forces of the same nature. In this physical case, the charged micro-particles beams are drived by Coulomb force, wherease the atoms substances is given the mechanical force (it is unreasonable to conduct force analysis separately on the necleus or electron within the neutral atom in this physical simulation case). Additionally, the dark matter produces non-linear buffer mutual forces among micro-objects including atoms or molecules, which leads the physical simulation of momentum theorem and conservation theorem of mechanical energy to be not applicable again. Consequently, the momentum theorem and conservation theorem of mechanical energy is applicable on the macro-physical solid objects only as approximate calculations, but is not applicable on the micro-physical simulations of particles motion.  
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-12 10:00:19 | 显示全部楼层
3. 暗物质为第四维度空间中,聚合原子、分子等三维空间微观粒子的能量粘合剂,使得这类粒子像串项链一样生成集合体,从而产生了一种扭力,称为时空扭力,在力学上符合材料的扭矩定理。万有引力、范德华力、原子间作用力都符合时空扭力的性质。稳定型的暗物质微观粒子集合体相对于外来作用破坏力产生非直线型缓冲对抗力,这就是扭矩定理的产生原理。暗物质的粘合力符合流体力学的定理;本文把固体材料中的扭矩定理作为例子,与气态、液态物质相比更为稳定,受到较少其它外力因素干扰。暗物质的存在,使得能量在不同性质间(比如机械能与磁场能之间)的转换必须建立在四维空间上,仅仅是三维空间中的转换定理是无法成立的。

3. Dark matter is a kind of energy binder underlay in the fourth dimensional space that polymerizes atoms, molecules and the other micro-particles of three-dimension spaces, which makes these micro-particles form an aggregate like a necklace, and thus produces a kind of torsion force, which is called space-time torsion. This conforms to the torque theorem of materials in mechanics. Gravitation, Van der Waals force and inter-atomic force all conforms to the nature of space-time torsion. The stable materials assembly binding by dark matter produces a non-linear buffer force against the external destructive force, which is the principle of torque theorem. The adhesive force of dark matter meets the principle of fluid mechanics. In this article, the torque theorem of solid materials in mechanics is introduced as an example, which is more stable and less disturbance by the other external forces as compared to atmospheric and liquid materials. Because of the existence of dark matter, the conversion of energy between different natures (such as conversion between mechanical energy and magnetic energy) must be based on the calculations of four-dimensional space. The conversion theorem based only on the calculation of three-dimensional space can hardly stand.
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-12 11:04:49 | 显示全部楼层
4.原子间作用力,除了共价键力是对称时空之间的库仑力性质,其余的都可以归为上述力学。共价键力是两个对称三维空间之间的库仑力作用。其中一个三维空间的质子带正电荷、电子带负电荷;则与它对应的对称三维空间中的质子带负电荷、电子带正电荷,即为反物质。比如两个共价键配对的原子。原子1中有电子1和质子1;原子2中有电子2和质子2。 其中负电荷电子1在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中对应的正电荷电子牵引,并在自身三维时空中形成共价键的原子2中的其中一个正电荷质子2可以配对牵引,而这个正电荷质子2又可与自身原子中的另一个对应负电荷电子2牵引,最后这个负电荷电子2又在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中正电荷电子牵引配对。这个串联关系同样作用于电子2-质子1-电子1. 这就像多个串联电池一样正负极、正负极。。。循环连接;

The inter-atomic forces, except that the force of covalent bond is the Coulomb force between symmetric three-dimension spaces, the rest forces can be classified as the above mechanics. Covalent bond force is a Coulomb force between two symmetric three-dimensional spaces. In our three-dimension space, the protons electrons are positively charged and the electrons are negatively charged; the corresponding symmetric three-dimensional space is called antimatter, in which the protons are negatively charged and the electrons are positively charged. For example, there are two covalently bonded atoms (atom1 and atom2). There are electron 1 and proton 1 in atom 1 ; and electron 2 and proton 2 in atom 2, respectively. The negatively charged electron 1 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space; is also pulled and paired by positively charged proton 2 in atom 2 due to the covalent bond; the positively charged proton 2 is pulled and paired by the negatively charged electron 2 in atom 2; then the negatively charged electron 2 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space. This series relationship also exists on electron 2 - proton 1 - electron 1. It's like a series of batteries, from positive to negative, positive to negative... Cyclic connection;

There are more discussion of atomic physics in previously published materials. To be modified and shown in this journal...
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-12 12:07:53 | 显示全部楼层
4.原子间作用力,除了共价键力是对称时空之间的库仑力性质,其余的都可以归为上述力学。共价键力是两个对称三维空间之间的库仑力作用。其中一个三维空间的质子带正电荷、电子带负电荷;则与它对应的对称三维空间中的质子带负电荷、电子带正电荷,即为反物质。比如两个共价键配对的原子。原子1中有电子1和质子1;原子2中有电子2和质子2。 其中负电荷电子1在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中对应的正电荷电子牵引,并在自身三维时空中形成共价键的原子2中的其中一个正电荷质子2可以配对牵引,而这个正电荷质子2又可与自身原子中的另一个对应负电荷电子2牵引,最后这个负电荷电子2又在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中正电荷电子牵引配对。这个串联关系同样作用于电子2-质子1-电子1. 这就像多个串联电池一样正负极、正负极。。。循环连接;

The inter-atomic forces, except that the force of covalent bond is the Coulomb force between symmetric three-dimension spaces, the rest forces can be classified as the above mechanics. Covalent bond force is a Coulomb force between two symmetric three-dimensional spaces. In our three-dimension space, the protons electrons are positively charged and the electrons are negatively charged; the corresponding symmetric three-dimensional space is called antimatter, in which the protons are negatively charged and the electrons are positively charged. For example, there are two covalently bonded atoms (atom1 and atom2). There are electron 1 and proton 1 in atom 1 ; and electron 2 and proton 2 in atom 2, respectively. The negatively charged electron 1 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space; is also pulled and paired by positively charged proton 2 in atom 2 due to the covalent bond; the positively charged proton 2 is pulled and paired by the negatively charged electron 2 in atom 2; then the negatively charged electron 2 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space. This series relationship also exists on electron 2 - proton 1 - electron 1. It's like a series of batteries, from positive to negative, positive to negative... Cyclic connection;

在讨论原子内部粒子运动规律和受力分析时候,我们常常简化为负电荷电子围绕正电荷原子核做高速自旋转运动。从电子做单点受力分析,一方面是离心力的作用,另一方面是正负电荷产生的向心力作用,从而实现受力平衡;但是从原子核做单点受力分析,正电荷原子核受到库仑力产生的与向心力对应的拉力,如何做平衡受力分析?这个问题在单原子形态存在的氢原子(比如恒星天体物质)中尤其明显。更进一步讨论原子物理之后,原子(比如放射性元素)在半衰期后为何正负粒子之间不会由于库仑力的相互吸引力而在原子内部合并中和?而是带电粒子高速远离并射出原子外?这些命题都必须借助对称三维物质空间中的反物质原理才能解决。 There are more discussion of atomic physics in previously published materials. To be modified and shown in this journal...
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-12 15:22:12 | 显示全部楼层
4. 反物质原理。原子间作用力,除了共价键力是对称时空之间的库仑力性质,其余的都可以归为上述力学。共价键力是两个对称三维空间之间的库仑力作用。其中我们所在的三维空间质子带正电荷、电子带负电荷;则与它对应的对称三维空间中的质子带负电荷、电子带正电荷,即为反物质。在讨论原子内部粒子运动规律和受力分析时候,我们常常简化为负电荷电子围绕正电荷原子核做高速自旋转运动。从电子做单点受力分析,一方面是离心力的作用,另一方面是正负电荷产生的向心力作用,从而实现受力平衡;但是从原子核做单点受力分析,正电荷原子核受到库仑力产生的与向心力对应的拉力,如何做平衡受力分析?这个问题在单原子形态存在的氢原子(比如恒星天体物质)中尤其明显。更进一步讨论原子物理之后,原子(比如放射性元素)在半衰期后为何正负粒子之间不会由于库仑力的相互吸引力而在原子内部合并中和?而是带电粒子高速远离并射出原子外?这些命题都必须借助本文提出的对称三维物质空间中的反物质原理才能解决。再进一步讨论更为复杂的情景:比如两个共价键配对的原子。原子1中有电子1和质子1;原子2中有电子2和质子2。 其中负电荷电子1在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中对应的正电荷电子牵引,并在自身三维时空中形成共价键的原子2中的其中一个正电荷质子2可以配对牵引,而这个正电荷质子2又可与自身原子中的另一个对应负电荷电子2牵引,最后这个负电荷电子2又在第四维度轴上受其对应的对称三维时空中正电荷电子牵引配对。这个串联关系同样作用于电子2-质子1-电子1. 这就像多个串联电池一样正负极、正负极。。。循环连接。

4.The principle of anti-matter. The inter-atomic forces, except that the force of covalent bond is the Coulomb force between symmetric three-dimension spaces, the rest forces can be classified as the above mechanics. Covalent bond force is a Coulomb force between two symmetric three-dimensional spaces. In our three-dimension space, the protons electrons are positively charged and the electrons are negatively charged; the correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space is called antimatter, in which the protons are negatively charged and the electrons are positively charged.When discussing the motion law and force analysis of the micro-particles inside the atom, we often simplify it as the self rotation motion of the negative charge electron around the positive charge nucleus. From the force analysis of at a central point of electrons, one is the centrifugal force, and the other is the centripetal force generated by positive and negative charges, so as to achieve force balance; However, when the force analysis is conducted on nucleus, positive charge nucleus is subjected to the pulling force produced by Coulomb force correspondingly to the centripetal force, how to achieve the equilibrium of force analysis? This question is particularly evident in hydrogen atoms of mono-atomic form, such as stellar matter. For the further discussion of atomic physics, why electrons and protons in atoms (such as radioactive elements) cannot merge and neutralize due to the mutual attraction of Coulomb force in atoms after half-life of atomic decay? Clearly, the negative and positive charged particles move away from each other and leaving out of the atoms at high speed. These questions can only be resolved by presenting the anti-matter principles between two symmetric space of three-dimensional along the fourth dimension in this article. Next let’s discuss further for more complex cases. For example, there are two covalently bonded atoms (atom1 and atom2). There are electron 1 and proton 1 in atom 1 ; and electron 2 and proton 2 in atom 2, respectively. The negatively charged electron 1 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space; is also pulled and paired by positively charged proton 2 in atom 2 due to the covalent bond; the positively charged proton 2 is pulled and paired by the negatively charged electron 2 in atom 2; then the negatively charged electron 2 is pulled and paired by the positively charged electron in its correspondingly symmetric three-dimensional space. This series relationship also exists on electron 2 - proton 1 - electron 1. It's like a series of batteries, from positive to negative, positive to negative... Cyclic connection;
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-12-12 15:53:44 | 显示全部楼层
5. 微观粒子的最基本分割单位应以库仑力的基本单位作为基准而划分,仅为质子、电子、中子三类。基本微观粒子在第四维度轴上做随机型几何波动,因此其质量在三维空间不是恒定的,即基本粒子在三维空间的质量M为时间变量T与自然常数e(≈ 2.718281828459045)的复合三角函数。使用大型粒子对撞机技术对基本粒子进行分割之后的更为细小的微观粒子(比如夸克)为基本微观粒子在某一特定时间点出现在三维空间的质量,因此其实验结果中的质量与电荷量等物理参数应当定义为在统计学上服从概率分布的一种变量(与恒定的常量或是无规律的变量相区别),从而反映出了基本微观粒子在第四维度轴的运动规律,所以该类研究方法与技术应侧重于基本微观粒子在四维度轴上运动规律的探究更为具备现实的意义,比如新材料的基础型研究。

5. The basic unit of elementary micro-particle partition and classification should be based on the basic unit of Coulomb force, which can be divided into three categories only: proton, electron and neutron. The mass M of elementary particles in three-dimensional space is a compound trigonometric function of time variable T and natural constant e (≈ 2.718281828459045). The smaller micro-particles (such as Quark) partitioned by the large particle collider technology are the proportional/partial mass of the elementary micro-particles occurring in the three-dimensional space at a certain time. Therefore, the physical parameters such as mass and charge in the experimental results should be defined as a variable that comforts to the probability distribution law in Statistics (different from the constant or irregular variables). Consequently, this kind of research method and technology should focus on the exploration of the movement law of elementary micro-particles on the four-dimensional axis, which is given more application significance, such as the foundation research of new materials synthesis.
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